Corn is an important food crop that everyone seeks to know the correct ways to cultivate it, and how to take care of it so that it produces a bumper crop, because of its great importance and multiple useful uses, as it is suitable as animal fodder and human food as it enters in many industries.
To know the different types of corn, the origin of corn cultivation, how to grow corn, the appropriate climatic conditions for growing corn, and the most important uses of the corn crop, follow this article with us.
The corn plant belongs to the family of Nigella, and the corn plant consists of a long stem divided into several nodes, and from each node a group of leaves emerge, and the length of a corn leaf ranges from 30 cm to one meter, and the number of leaves of a single corn plant ranges from 8 to twenty-one leaves .
There are several different types of corn spread all over the world, and the most famous of these types are:
Sugar corn (which is known as sweet corn).
The origins of corn cultivation can be traced back to the State of Mexico, where Mexican farmers began planting corn seeds about a thousand years ago, and worked to develop them, and improve the strains of corn seeds to obtain more quality and more abundant crop production.
Benefits of the corn plant
There are many benefits of the corn plant, and that is why farmers around the world are keen to know the right steps to grow the corn plant, due to the many uses and multiple industries that the corn plant enters in, as the corn plant is used for the following purposes:
Corn plant is used as human food.
The corn plant can be used as animal feed.
The corn plant is a source of biofuel.
The corn plant is involved in many industries such as making flour, cornmeal, popcorn and other industries.
Corn seeds are distinguished by several advantages, as the corn seeds are distinguished by their delicious taste, and they are easy to grind to enter industries easily, and are characterized by rapid growth, and for all the previous uses and multiple advantages of corn seeds, and the benefits of the corn plant are countless increasing rates of corn cultivation around the world.
The nature of the land and when the corn was planted
In order for the corn to be cultivated in a successful way, and for the corn crop to become abundant, the nature of the land and the date of planting the corn must be known, as there are special specifications for the suitable place to grow corn, and the most important of these specifications are the following:
It is preferable to grow corn in hot and warm areas, as corn needs the most sunlight to iron it to grow, and frost and cold harm the growth of the corn plant, so the tropics and subtropics are the best areas for growing corn.
To grow corn, you need deep, fertile soil.
The soil pH suitable for growing corn plants ranges from 6 to 6.8.
The soil should have a high degree of moisture, and the soil should be well-drained.
The nuts of the corn need large areas as the pollination of the corn is carried out by the air, so a large place is required for the corn to grow well.
That the layers of soil be compact and cohesive.
By following the previous specifications when choosing the right place to plant the corn plant, corn grows in a healthy and sound manner, and the crop becomes high-quality and abundant, and knowing the nature of the land and the date of planting the corn is one of the most important steps for the success of the corn cultivation process.
Cultivation and production of yellow corn
There are several methods of cultivating and producing yellow corn, but the most famous and most common methods of cultivating corn are:
Agriculture in modern plowed shrines
This method is based on plowing the land, and establishing shelters with the ground between the autumn and the beginning of the spring season, which enables the farmer to start planting early in the beginning of the spring season, as these shelters warm up faster and have sufficient moisture as a result of the winter rains. .
Cultivation without prior plowing
This method is more feasible, as planting is done in the previous shelters if the rainwater did not wash them away, and it was not disposed or destroyed after harvesting the corn, but these shelters are cleaned of harmful weeds using specialized insecticides.
There are other methods of cultivation and production of yellow corn, such as the lines method and the moroz method, but the previous methods are the most widely used methods of cultivating the corn plant.
Prescription technical recommendations for the method of cultivation of maize
We now offer you a prescription for technical recommendations for the method of cultivating maize, and the most important of these recommendations are the following:
Adjust the seeder speed to appropriately and considerate seed placement
The distance between the seeds should be uniform.
The seeding rate depends on many factors such as surface roughness, seed size, and type, so the seeding rate should be adjusted according to these factors.
Use of municipal manure when plowing before planting, and calcium superphosphate at 15% on last tillage.
And the crop is more productive and has the highest quality of the corn plant than the plants that need care during planting
Supplying the corn plant with the important nutrients that the corn plant needs, such as nitrogen and phosphorous, and it is preferable to choose fertilizers that contain high quantities of these materials, and to complete the fertilization process immediately after sowing the seeds so that the plant benefits the most nutrients.
Attention to permanent and continuous irrigation of the corn plant, as the corn plant needs large quantities of water, and that the soil is permanently moist until the corn hair is formed, and corn hair is that hair that grows when the male part of the corn plant is pollinated, for the feminine part, and each strand produces a grain of hair One of the corn grains found in the cob.
Therefore, the corn plant must be taken care of during the planting, so that the cob becomes full of grains and the crop is abundant, and the farmers assured that, by following the prescription of technical recommendations for the method of growing maize, the process of planting corn is successful.
Irrigation and fertilization in corn
As we have already mentioned, the corn plant needs a large amount of water and needs sufficient moisture in the soil, so care must be taken carefully to irrigate the corn crop, as the quality of irrigation depends on the success of the corn cultivation process, and we will now provide you with information on irrigation and fertilization in corn, as there are several systems. Irrigation of corn:
Furrows Irrigation System:
Where the corn plant is irrigated once a week or 10 days, and the water is immersed in a depth ranging from 10 cm to 15 cm.
Flood irrigation system
This system is based on irrigation of the corn crop once every 7 to 10 days, with a depth of 8 cm.
There are factors upon which irrigation and fertilization depend on maize, such as the type of maize grown, the type of land, the slope of the land, and the rate of irrigation water flow through the soil.
In the end, we would like to be successful in collecting the largest amount of valuable and useful information about the corn plant, its benefits and uses, the nature of the land and when to plant corn, methods of planting corn, as well as irrigation and fertilization systems for corn, and prescription technical recommendations for growing corn. Abundant, high quality corn crop.