How to grow plums
In the beginning, plums are distinguished by several advantages that we will know throughout the article, but plums are one of the distinct fruits that grow in temperate regions, which makes them much easier to have the conditions for their climate than others, and given the importance of this type, it is necessary to know the method of how to grow plums, grow plums at home, places to grow plums, and the appropriate soil. To cultivate plums and plum types in Egypt, and we will know about the plum tree, the benefits of the plum tree, no, and all of this we will know throughout the article.
How to grow plums
We can explain how to grow prunes in a number of different ways
We will mention two of them.
First method: The method is to plant in the valley soil, and the method is to dig a trench and put selected municipal fertilizers in each trench and add other fertilizers, for example kg superphosphate.
A quarter of a kilogram of ammonium sulfate.
A quarter of a kilo of potassium sulfate.
A quarter of a kilo of agricultural sulfur.
Then use chemicals and digging products to activate the municipal chemicals and when you reach the stage of placing the seedlings in permanent soil, you must use Prolux to cut the roots and disinfect them.
Then, at this stage, place the seedlings in the previously dug holes, bearing in mind the wind resistance (here it will withstand the wind), place the seedlings at a height of 90 cm and water directly.
The second method: In this way, agricultural production takes place on the reclaimed land, but the absence of salinity on the ground and the high level of groundwater must be taken into account.
. The abdominal crusher must be installed long before the machine is in place.
Next, water the water in the soil, and plant three days before digging the bottom of the soil to completely remove the salt.
We put 4 batches of compost in each hole, one kilogram of superphosphate and a quarter of a kilogram of ammonium sulfate.
After we explained how to grow plums, we are now familiar with it.
Growing prunes at home
Growing prunes at home requires some preparation:
First, we put the plum seeds on the windowsill to dry for a few days.
Then use the inside bag to extract the seeds.
Then pour a cup of water and place the seeds.
Then fill a container with compost, put the seeds inside and drain them, then put the jars in the refrigerator for 6-8 weeks until the roots appear.
Another step in growing prunes at home is to place the new plant buds in a mixture that contains two parts of soil and one part of compost.
Daily prunes need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight.
During germination, keep the soil slightly moist.
Plums begin to bloom and bear fruit within 3-5 years
Places of plum cultivation
Places of plum cultivation are many, as Europe and North America are considered one of the most important areas of cultivation in the world, as it began to be cultivated in Egypt in 1911, so Egypt is considered one of the places of plum cultivation also when the ministry imported many varieties of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) under Egyptian conditions, They were used for light clay
Soil suitable for growing plums
Soil suitable for growing plums should be known to farmers. Plums can grow successfully in different types of soils because they can tolerate poor aeration, so they grow in soil heavier than soils with other stone core fruits, but it is best to plant them in well-drained and well-ventilated places. And free of groundwater not exceeding 1.5 meters from the soil surface to the trees.
As for the suitable soil for growing plums, it is best to plant in yellow and sandy soil without salt, and an impermeable layer can prevent water penetration and deepen the roots.
The plum tree It is a tree with kernels. This subspecies differs from the other subspecies (such as peaches, cherries, cherries, etc.) and is still a bud because it has C buds as one-sided (not clustered) buds and blossoms in groups from one to five, the plum tree is a Flowers with short stems.
The fruit has a cavity under one side and a smooth seed (or pulp).
Plums can have a dusty white coating, which gives them a greenish-blue appearance that can be easily removed.
This is the wax layer and it is called the “wax layer”, and plums can be grown as mentioned earlier.
Types of plums in Egypt
The types of plums in Egypt are varied, and each type differs according to the method of cultivating plums and the seeds for each type:
American plum: Despite its small size and length, its yield is too high to be sold commercially.
European plum: It is considered one of the plums in Egypt. Cherry plum is not suitable for use in Egyptian conditions due to the high demand for it for cooling time (800-1100 hours less than 7.2 ° C). Varieties suitable for drying are of this type.
Japanese plum: plum is the original Chinese homeland, then moved from there to Japan, then moved from there to all countries in temperate regions, for fresh consumption, and unfit for drying, suitable for Egyptian conditions.
Reasons for the decline in plum production in Egypt
The reasons for the decline in plum production in Egypt occurred for several reasons, including:
In recent years, the production of prunes in Egypt decreased and the area of arable land decreased from 8,155 in 1993 to 4,772 in 1998. All this was mostly due to the cultivation of prunes and the soil among the reasons for the decline in the production of prunes in Egypt.
The problems of growing plums in Egypt
Among the problems of growing plums in Egypt are:
Cold degrees D: The varieties grown in Egyptian environmental conditions have a warm climate in winter, which leads to insufficient demand for cold weather, which leads to delayed flowering and irregularity of plums, and lack of signatures with varieties in flowering.
This leads to poor performance and can be overcome.
This problem is due to the fact that in the process of filtration from the last week of January to mid-February.
Most of the varieties grown in Egypt have partially or completely self-adapted: This is one of the problems of cultivating plums in Egypt, as this phenomenon can lead to a decrease in production due to incorrect cultivation methods or insufficient numbers at the time of cultivation. .
Or maybe it is about harvesting trees incorrectly: Harvesting is a very important process for regenerating branches and opening the core of the tree, which may increase yield and quality (improve tree color).
Increase the size of sweet fruit) Therefore, we recommend farmers not to use untrained workers to work on farms.
Avoid accidental pruning of trees, which harms trees and reduces them, as correct pruning will lead to renewal of fruits and branches that last forever while balancing and improving the number and characteristics of the crop.
Loading: Most of the farmers in Egypt insist on loading alfalfa, vegetables and citrus fruits under the plum trees, because these crops and the main crop (plums) conflict with their needs for water and fertilizers as they can become carriers of harmful insects and pests.
Avoid watering and ignore plums after harvest: Some producers ignore peaches and do not water for long after harvest, which weakens the trees and affects the next year.
Benefits of plum seeds
The benefits of plum seeds are many, as the cultivation of plums is of great importance, because the benefits of plum seeds are numerous, including:
Extracts plum oil from it, which is essential for body care and beauty.
Helps tighten skin and prevent wrinkles by stimulating collagen in the skin.
It contains antioxidants that prevent free radicals from causing skin cancer.
One of the benefits of plum seeds is that they are high in fatty acids that help improve and moisturize the skin.
Avoid pimples and pimples.
Help protect your hair from damage.
Reducing hair loss.
In addition to protecting the scalp from infections, it can also increase hair hydration and softness, as well as strengthen hair follicles.
In the end, after knowing how to grow plums in two different ways, the benefits of plums, the appropriate climate for growing plums, the problems of cultivating plums in Egypt, the reasons for the decline in plum production in Egypt and the plum tree, it became necessary to appeal to the government to pay attention to the cultivation of plums due to its multiple benefits that no one pays attention to.