Growing tomatoes Tomatoes are indispensable fruits in our daily life, as they are used in cooking and kitchen matters, so attention should be paid to the methods and mechanisms of their cultivation and how to obtain an ideal crop from the tomato plant.
Growing tomatoes in a pot at home
Growing tomatoes in a pot at home requires the following tools:
Tomato seed or seedlings.
Water for irrigation.
Amidst a good “soil” food.
Pot for planters.
Nylon heating cap.
A garden to transfer seedlings to it. This is how we explain how to grow tomatoes in a pot at home.
How to grow tomatoes
How to grow tomatoes
Temperature control and control
How is temperature controlled?
The yield of tomatoes increases when the temperature exceeds 10 ° C.
As it is not preferred to grow tomatoes in cold weather, so it is preferable to plant them in moist air at the end of spring or in the summer.
The ideal production of tomatoes is between 21: 23.9 ° C during the day, which equates to 18.4: 20 ° C at night.
Several types of tomatoes can withstand high temperature conditions.
The tomato plant can grow with any type of soil “especially soil rich in the required elements or as it is known as fertile soil”, which includes sufficient organic elements.
The acidity of the soil suitable for growing Lin tomatoes is 5.5: 7.8, according to the pH scale.
The planting stage
It is best to start planting ready-made tomato seedlings at home for a period of 6 to 8 weeks, as the growing season is fairly long.
The growth needs a certain temperature, after that it is moved to the garden, where it is preferable to transfer the seedlings with straight stems and full, which are distinguished by their green leaves.
Seedlings with a height of 15.24 cm are preferred, but taller, flowered and fruitful seedlings are not preferred.
It is preferable to grow seedlings in small independent pots and not to grow them on tops.
The role of the small pots is to reduce collision during the transfer of seedlings, and the ability to select good seedlings that do not contain any insects or diseases.
It is not recommended to start before the cold is gone, as the soil temperature should not be less than 15.5 ° C.
The spacing must be taken into account during planting, as this affects the plant height and the rate of interest in it. For example, it is recommended to plant 3 seedlings with a separation of 45.7-61 cm, in rows spaced at least 1.5 meters apart. The previous steps explain how the temperature is controlled.
Tips for growing tomatoes
The following tomato planting tips can be followed to achieve a perfect harvest when growing tomatoes
It is advisable to leave a space between the seedlings and each other, as the role of the spacing is to allow more growth of the stems and leaves.
There is sufficient sunlight for the plant, as the tomato plant needs a strong light source when it is grown indoors, and for this it is preferable to place it in places near the windows where the sun’s rays are available.
Use an artificial light source for 14-18 hours per day in the absence of natural sunlight.
Remove the leaves growing near the root, as soon as the plant reaches a length of 91.4 cm, as it is considered a fertile environment for the emergence of fungi.
It is desirable to choose dry places to plant tomatoes.
The amount of fertilizer required should be determined according to the results of the soil test, which will help the seedlings to grow.
Fertilizers should be applied to the soil approximately 15 days before planting.
Keep the soil as moist as possible to prevent the plants from breaking or rot.
Static irrigation or drip irrigation can generally be followed in the field. The previous tips are tomato planting tips
The secrets of growing tomatoes
What are the secrets of growing tomatoes? To ensure a perfect crop, the following arts and secrets must be followed:
The ideal planting timing is spring.
As for the ideal timing for the seedlings, it is preferable to delay it by two weeks.
Use good seeds for planting.
Dry the seeds of a ripe tomato in a well-ventilated place and replant it.
Cultivation is done by placing a pot of soil, then scattering the seeds, another layer of soil, and then scattering the seeds again.
The soil should be no more than a quarter of an inch thick, to make it easier for the plant to penetrate into the soil.
Spread the seeds at the same height, and take care to keep them out of direct sunlight.
Irrigate with moderate amounts of water, then cover with a nylon bag or cover, to keep the seeds moist and prevent them from spoiling.
The cover is discarded as soon as the buds appear, for ventilation and the collection of its requirements for light, and its optimum growth.
At this stage, the seedlings should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
The crop ripens between 3: 4 months.
The fruits ripen themselves between 2: 3 months.
The tomatoes on the seedlings are left as long as possible to ripen, that is, they turn red.
In case the fruits fall before they are ripe, they are stored in a paper bag in a cool dark place. The previous points are the secrets of growing tomatoes.
Drip tomato cultivation
How to grow drip tomatoes, generally watering:
Very important to the success of the crop.
Affects the texture of the soil and the concentration of salt in it.
Affects the size of fruits.
At the beginning of planting tomatoes, irrigation is done at a rate of 5 ³ water per feddan on a daily basis for two weeks.
In the second month, irrigation changes at a rate of 10 m per acre until the end of the second month.
In the third month, irrigation changes at a rate of 20 m³ per acre daily until the end of the crop.
Types of irrigation used to grow tomatoes:
Drip irrigation is the best irrigation method.
Surface irrigation, this type is inexpensive and is divided into:
1. Upgraded surface irrigation.
2. Traditional surface irrigation.
Sprinkler irrigation saves the most water, which is also divided into:
1. Traditional spray.
2. Spraying possible.
The previous points explain how to grow drip tomatoes.
Growing tomatoes from seed
To grow tomatoes from seeds, the following steps must be taken:
Dry fresh tomatoes.
Ensure the quality of the tomatoes.
Chop the tomatoes in half to extract the seeds.
Ferment the seeds using water before they are dried.
Wash the seeds after days of fermentation.
Examine the seeds to ensure their quality.
Drying the seeds.
Planting seeds and following them with the required irrigation techniques and care. The previous steps explain how to grow tomatoes from seeds.
Growing tomatoes without soil
How to grow tomatoes without soil? The soil is replaced by a water medium that contains all the nutrients and organic elements necessary for the growth of seedlings, as the cultivation here is carried out with the same mechanism of normal cultivation with only the soil medium being replaced.
Advantages of cultivation without soil:
Avoid soil problems in terms of excess salt and root spoilage.
Control the amount of fruits and the rate and speed of production.
We explained how to grow tomatoes without soil.
The timing of planting tomatoes in Saudi Arabia
What is the timing of planting tomatoes in Saudi Arabia? The timing of the planting coincides with the period between September and late April, when two sows are sown:
The first is “winter”: from the beginning of September to October.
The second “spring” seedlings are planted in January.
Agricultural conditions :
The temperature ranges between 21-29 degrees Celsius.
Adapted good soil.
Down payment: After implantation, for a period that varies from 2 to 3 weeks.
Second batch: During flowering, using the same amount of fertilizer.
A third batch: when holding the fruits, 15 days after the second batch.
Fourth batch: after the first harvest of the crop. Irrigation should be done this time after fertilization.
We discussed together the timing of growing tomatoes in Saudi Arabia.
In the previous paragraphs, we dealt with everything related to tomatoes in terms of cultivation conditions, required temperatures, types of irrigation, any types of irrigation preferable and which are not, tomatoes need for light, when to transfer the seedlings to the soil, conditions of cultivation in Saudi Arabia and fertilization methods. Growing tomatoes in a pot at home.